Main Article Content
In ideal circumstances, parents are the most devoted advocates for their children. They have first-hand information about their children and care passionately about their welfare. Therefore, the law recognizes parents as guardians of children’s welfare and gives them substantial autonomy in making the decision for their children. Sometimes the actions of well-meaning parents, as in the case of the immediate medical intervention, could be a subject of testing limits of parental autonomy. It is especially noticeable when parental decisions represent a risk for child well-being, and the state has to intervene in order to protect it. However, the decision whether the state intervention into the parent-child relationship is legitimate is quite difficult since it is necessary to take into account a specific legal character of the parent-child relationship and balance between the parental autonomy and the best interest of the child. With an aim to evaluate the legitimacy of limiting parental autonomy in case of immediate medical intervention, the author will analyse the extent to which parental autonomy should be free of coercive intrusion of the state.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
 Godwin, S., Against parental Rights, Columbia Human Rights Law Review, 47(1), 2015, 1-83.
[2a] Diekema, D., S. (2004). Parental refusal of medicine treatment: the harm principle as threshold for state intervention. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 25(4), 243–264. doi: 10.1007/s11017-004-3146-6.
[2b] Diekema, D. S. (2011). Revisiting the best interest standard: uses and misuses. Journal of Clinical Ethics, 22(2), 128–133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2015-102893.
 Knepper, K. (1994-1995).Withholding medical treatment from infants: when is it child neglect? University of Louisville Journal of Family Law, 33 (1–2), 1-53.
 Scott, E. S.; Scott, R. E., Parents as Fiducaries, Virginia Law Review, 81(89), Symposium: New Directions in Family. DOI: 10.2307/1073583
 Marcus, P. (2017). Parental responsibilities: Reformulating the paradigm for parent–child relationships Part 1: What is wrong with the ways in which we deal with the children of separated parents and how to put them right, Journal of Child Custody, 14(2-3), 83-105. DOI: 10.1080/15379418.2017.1369920
 Hohfeld, W. N. (1917). Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning. The Yale Law Journal 26(8). DOI: 10.2307/786270.
 Griffin, J. (2002). Do children have rights. In D. Archard and C.M. Macleod (eds.), The Moral and Political Status of Children (pp. 19-31). Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI:10.1093/0199242682.001.0001
 Cowden, M. (2012). Capacity, claims and children’s rights, Contemporary Political Theory, 11(4), 362–380. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/cpt.2011.43
 Smith, L. (2017). Parenthood Is a Fiduciary Relationship. McGill University, Faculty of Law, Paul-André Crépeau Centre for Private and Comparative Law; University of Oxford - Faculty of Law, 1-42. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3007812 or DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3007812.
 Kramer, M. (1998) Rights without trimmings. In M. Kramer, N.E. Simmonds and H. Steiner (eds.), A Debate over Rights (pp. 7-111). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
 MacCormick, N. (1976). Children’s rights: A test case for theories of right. Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 62(3), 305–317.
 Campbell, T. (1992). The rights of the minor: As person, as child, as juvenile, as future adult. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 6(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1093/lawfam/6.1.1
 Locke], [J. (1989). Locke on Parental Power. Population and Development Review, 15(4), 749-757. doi:10.2307/197259.
 Schoeman, F. (1980). Rights of Children, Rights of Parents, and the Moral Basis of the Family. Ethics, 91(1), 6-19.
 Bigelow, J., Campbell, J., Dodds, S. M., Pargetter, R., Prior, E. W., & Young, R. (1988). Parental Autonomy. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 5(2), 183–196. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5930.1988.tb00241.x.
 Kaplow, L. (1992). Rules Versus Standards, An Economic Analysis. Duke Law Journal, 42(3), 557–629.
 Elliston S. (2007). The best interests of the child in healthcare. London: Routledge Cavendish.
 Shah, S. K. (2013). Does research with children violate the best interest’s standard? An empirical and conceptual analysis. Northwest Journal of Law & Social Policy, 8(2), 121–173.
 de Vos M. A, Seeber AA, Gevers SKM, et al. (2015). Parents who wish no further treatment for their child. Journal of Medical Ethics, 41(2), 195-200. DOI: 10.1136/medethics-2013-101395
[20a] Hrabar, D. (2016). Prava djece u obiteljskom zakonodavstvu. In D. Hrabar (Ed.), Prava djece – multidisciplinarni pristup (pp. 63-82). Zagreb: Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.
[20b] Hrabar, D. (1991). Prava djece u porodičnim odnosima. Zagreb, Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.
[21a] Šimović, I. (2016). Cijepljenje kao zaštita djetetova prava na zdravlje: obiteljskopravna i ustavnosudska perspektiva, In I. Baralić et al (Eds.), Cijepljenje i cjepiva (pp. 49-58). Zagreb: Medicinska naklada.
[21b] Šimović, I. (2016). Cijepljenje kao zaštita djetetova prava na zdravlje - obiteljskopravna i ustavnosudska perspektiva. In I. Bralić (Ed.), Novi izazovi u prevenciji bolesti dječje dobi: Cijepljenje i cjepiva, probir razvojnog poremećaja kuka (pp. 55-65). Zagreb: Medicinska naklada.
 Majka odbija kemoterapiju za svoje dijete. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.jutarnji.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/majka-odbija-kemoterapiju-za-svoje-dijete-drzava-joj-privremeno-oduzela-roditeljsku-skrb-kako-bi-lijecnici-spasili-zivot-bolesnoj-curici/7889286/.
 Goldstein, J. (1977). Medical Care for the Child at Risk: On State Supervention of Parental Autonomy. Faculty Scholarship Series, Paper 2448, 645-670.
 Bester, J. C. (2018). The Harm Principle Cannot Replace the Best Interest Standard: Problems With Using the Harm Principle for Medical Decision Making for Children. The American Journal of Bioethics, 18(8), 9-19. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2018.1485757.
 Preložnjak, B. (2019). Limitation of Parental Autonomy and Its Justification in Case of Immediate Medical Intervention. In 6th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences & Arts SGEM 2019 Modern Science Issue 1.1 (pp. 153-160). Sofia: STEF92 Technology Ltd. doi.org/10.5593/sgemsocial2019V/1.1