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The role of the Proto-Czechs, the oldest generation of the elites and the interwar elites in the national memory can be advanced by showing the examples of the impact of the political regimes on the interpretation of the symbolic role of the individual elite members. The contribution draws on those concepts and methodological approaches that have been employed by the number of historians and historical sociologists such as historical consciousness, collective (social) memory and national memory; a major incentive for choice of the individual elite members were several sociological researchers on the Czech elites. The pluralist debates about the impact of the Czech elites and their contributions were launched in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and developed by the several generations of the Czech and the foreign historians. This thesis about the impact of the political regimes on the interpretation of the contributions of the Czech elites can be illustrated by (1)the current importance of the Proto‒Czech elites such as Saint Wenceslaus I. [Svatý Václav], (Saints) Cyril and Methodius, Božena Němcová and Karel Havlíček Borovský, (2)the popularity of the members of  the interwar political elite such as the economist Alois Rašín, the journalist Milena Jesenská, the politician Františka Plamínková and the diplomat Zdeněk Fierlinger, (3)the positive and negative reponse to the actions of the communist elites such as Rudolf Slánský, Klement Gottwald, Alexander Dubček and Gustav Husák and (4)the evaluation of the members of the communist counter-elite and later democratic elite such as Václav Havel and Petr Pithart.


Administrative Elites Communist Elites Cultural Elites Czechoslovakia Historical Consciousness Interwar Elites National Memory Political Elites Post‒Communist Elites Proto-Czech Elites

Article Details

Author Biography

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lucie Cviklová , Charles University, Faculty of Arts


Lucie Cviklová has Masters's degree in sociology from The Faculty of Arts (Charles University) in Prague and from The New School for Social Research in New York.  She defended the dissertation at Université de Parix X – Nanterre in 2006.

Major areas of interest have been the First, the Second and the Third generation of the Critical Theory and the importance of the perspective for the interpretation of empirical data, global and European social processes through the lens of the selected theoretical approaches, violation of human rights of LGBTQ minority in distinct political regimes, conceptualization and theoretical interpretation of postcommunist, totalitarian and posttotalitarian systems and some topics. 

ORCID: 0000-0002-9565-1433

Contacts: [email protected], [email protected]


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